The concept of “4.0 Industry” represents one of the key elements for the future development of the industrial and productive sector. The trend towards automation produces, in fact, significant benefits in terms above all of performance and active monitoring, with appropriate and unavoidable considerations also on the sustainability of processes (understood both from an environmental and energy point of view).
Logistics is one of the sectors most affected by these trends, as well as one of the fatest growing ones, with positive trends for several decades now. In order for logistics sector to be ready for the advent of 4.0 Industry it is necessary to implement a process of change on aspects that are winning.
This change can be seen in different areas of application concerning technical, technological, IT, planning, environmental and safety aspects (safety and security). In general, the logistics sector produces significant positive falls, especially when it relates to the industry and its production, but also generates some impacts that must be appropriately identified, quantified and mitigated.
The future of logistics, according to a long-term systemic vision, and in agreement with the basic principles of 4.0 Industry, consists of four essential aspects:
- Synchro-mode(according to the IoT logic and Physical Internet): evolution of the concept of intermodality, on a large scale, with “collaborative” transport systems, constantly monitored. It is an innovative concept of management and monitoring of mobility that is indipendent of geographical aspects and “connects” the various operators of the large-scale supply chain.
- Intangible infrastructures: use of ICT systems to improve the performance of the logistic systems, through both vertical and horizontal integration of procedures. The use of these solutions allows the optimization of existing infrastructures, according to a logic of effective management of resources (for example: NSW top-down approach; PCS bottom-up approach). The infrastructures and the material resources (Warehouses, vehicles, equipment and plants, acquired through the huge investments of the past, must be rehabilitated and transformed to make them compatible with the new set-ups of the 4.0 logistisc system.
- Document standardization(understood both as a data type and as a sharing format): process of improving the sharing of information that provides both a standardization of the format and a unified data at Community level. These “main topics” are characterized by transversal concepts and approaches, such as the management of Big Data, cybersecurity and the use of collaborative systems. The topics set out are significantly interacting with each other.
- Automation of operational processes: process automation in order to improve the operating and safety conditions of the logistics sector. This approach allows the system to be more efficient from an operational point of view, and to improve the safety, especially regarding occupations that are wearing and potentially dangerous.
Inspired by this paradigm on 5 and 6 June 2018, at the Airport of Pratica di Mare – Flight Test Center, the first hackathon in aeronautical field took place (which took the name of “Airathon“), a creative marathon of 48 hours, in which 15 start-ups, representatives of five italian universitiesand experts from the Armed Force and the the industrial sector took part.
The creative marathon has brought together subjects from different sectors and extractions – technicians, informatics, researchers, students, military and industry experts – with the aim of sharing the different experiences together, realaizing the best ideas and transforming them into prototypical solutions and quickly applicable to the aeronautical logistics sector.
On the 4th of October 2018 the workshop “Innovative Technologies in informative, maintenance – logistic systems“, to which the I. A. S. took part as reporter, was set in the Aviator House of the AMI, organized by the Air Force Association, “Luigi Broglio” Rome 2 Section.
The event has been proposed as an important showcase on the potential of the different software tools used for the collection, aggregation and analysis of an innumerable amount of data within the maintenance and logistics management of air, naval and land fleets.
During the meeting, the Operators, responsible for the systems and the definition of the short and medium-term requirements, had the opportunity to deal with companies that provide tools and applications designed to meet these requirements.
In fact, the Workshop turned to public and private organizations operating in the maintenance-logistic sectors and that have intended to deepen ang grasp the opportunities and future developments of the national landscape in the management and rationalization of their software, also in competition with the recent technologies already developed abroad.
The workshop has had as its primary objective the optimization of interoperability, the exchange of information among different software applications and characterize a point to accented and optimize investment choices, in order to increase the effectiveness of the tools of “customer support”.
- Efficient Logistics – Massimiliano Manca
- Defense Ministry – Air Force